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Old Friends New EnemiesVolume 2: The Pacific War 1942-1945$
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Arthur J. Marder, Mark Jacobsen, and John Horsfield

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198201502

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201502.001.0001

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The Admiralty of the Indian Ocean

The Admiralty of the Indian Ocean

(p.155) VII The Admiralty of the Indian Ocean
Old Friends New Enemies

Arthur J. Marder

Oxford University Press

The first section of this chapter describes Operation ‘Ironclad’. It describes the plans to capture Diego Suarez from Vichy France operations, the Japanese midget submarines, and the Japanese strategy for commerce raiding in the Indian Ocean. The second section discusses the importance of the Indian Ocean in 1942, the limited involvement of Japanese submarines, the defects of Japanese submarine torpedoes, German raiders and U-boats, Somerville's preference for hunting-groups, his lack of long-range aircraft, and the difficulties of organizing convoys. The third section examines Churchill's expectations, Mediterranean exigencies, Pound's views on strategy after Midway, the limitations of British carriers and their aircraft, and Somerville's objectives at Kilindini. The last section presents the Japanese strategy in 1942.

Keywords:   Madagascar, Operation Ironclad, Diego Suarez, commerce raiding, Japanese submarines, hunting-groups

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