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Old Friends New EnemiesVolume 2: The Pacific War 1942-1945$
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Arthur J. Marder, Mark Jacobsen, and John Horsfield

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198201502

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201502.001.0001

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Reactions and Reflections

Reactions and Reflections

Chapter:
(p.137) VI Reactions and Reflections
Source:
Old Friends New Enemies
Author(s):

Arthur J. Marder

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201502.003.0006

The first section of this chapter describes Somerville's withdrawal to Kilindini. It discusses the search for safety and for a safe base; the bleak immediate naval position; and the impossibility of using Bombay, Addu Atoll, Trincomalee, or Colombo without dividing the Eastern Fleet. The second section describes the Japanese delight over their triumphs, which led to overconfidence and dangerous errors by Nagumo. The third section explores the defenders and their dilemmas. It looks at British press reactions, public dismay, Churchill's and Pound's pressure on the Americans to take the offensive, aircraft reinforcements for India and the extent of American help, and the preparations to defend Australia.

Keywords:   Kilindini, James Somerville, Winston Churchill, Nagumo Chiuchi, Japan, Britain, Australia

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