This chapter examines the role of land war in the political violence in Ireland during the 19th century. The land war created a revolution in land tenure which forced the British government to invert the legal relationship between land and tenant, and to deploy state funds to bring about a substantial transition to peasant proprietorship. These events increased the political awareness of the unpoliticized rural Irish population and created consciousness about their collective strength. These involved the growth of new organizational forms and the adoption of sophisticated methods of struggle such as sanctions against opponents and boycotting.
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