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The Army in Cromwellian England, 1649-1660$
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Henry Reece

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198200635

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200635.001.0001

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The Religious Impact of the Military Presence

The Religious Impact of the Military Presence

(p.116) 7 The Religious Impact of the Military Presence
The Army in Cromwellian England, 1649-1660

Henry Reece

Oxford University Press

The army's roles of spreading the gospel and protecting the ‘well-affected’ repeatedly brought it into conflict with civilian authorities. This chapter describes the army's involvement in removing ‘disaffected’ ministers; the clerical patronage of senior officers, particularly garrison governors; the support that soldiers gave to ‘godly’ minorities; and the backing provided by some army officers to religious radicals such as Quakers. Three case studies — Hull, Poole, and Bristol — are used to show the complex interaction of religious and political issues at local level, and also to show the interconnectedness between London and the localities in escalating and then resolving these conflicts. The response of central government was pragmatic and non-doctrinaire — a long way from the practice of a military dictatorship.

Keywords:   well-affected, godly, civilians, Quakers, Hull, Poole, Bristol, garrison governor, military dictatorship

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