This chapter provides us with a background orientation to both Lukács and Bakhtin, including the culture and influences during their time. This is to allow a deeper comprehension of the nature and character of their work. Both the present state of culture and the culture they envisioned as ideal and right were the foundations of their work. Both were of European backgrounds, and lived at a time when culture and literature were highly favoured and appreciated. This was a time of neo-Kantian opposition, a concept based on ‘growing self awareness and German intelligentsia in a contradictory process of social modernization’. Both strived to write and enhance the field of art and its interconnections and impact with society.
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