This chapter begins with a discussion of terminology, identifying a variety of meanings applied to the word portamento, and a number of related terms, such as cercar dells nota, messa di voce crescente (or decrescente), port de voix, slur, and Tragen (or Durchziehen) der Töne. It looks at the growing employment of a variety of sliding effects in singing, string playing, and even wind playing from the 18th century to the beginning of the 20th century. Different types of portamento (for instance, Corri's ‘leaping grace’ and ‘anticipation grace’) and their execution are discussed in relation to theoretical sources. The evidence of treatises and composers' or editors' fingerings in string music of the period, supported by early recordings, forms the basis of a discussion of the employment of portamento in the music of the period.
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