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The Decline and Fall of Public Service Broadcasting$
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Michael Tracey

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198159254

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159254.001.0001

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The Making of an Institution: The Rebirth of NHK

The Making of an Institution: The Rebirth of NHK

(p.131) 7 The Making of an Institution: The Rebirth of NHK
The Decline and Fall of Public Service Broadcasting

Michael Tracey

Oxford University Press

The creation of the conditions under which radio broadcasting could assume its role in the programme of re-education and democratisation required the removal of government controls, the improvement of efficiency, and the development of administrative machinery that would be independent, stable, confident, and responsible, and strong enough to prevent any attempt to re-establish government domination. To achieve these ends, the Occupation established three specific objectives. In a memorandum of December 1945, SCAP (Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers) outlined the plans for NHK reorganisation. General Douglas MacArthur established ‘an institution of public service’, an advisory committee of 15 to 20 Japanese citizens of both sexes from all parts of Japan ‘to advise the President of the Broadcasting Corporation of Japan’. This committee would represent the professional, business, educational, cultural, religious, labour, and farming elements of national life.

Keywords:   radio broadcasting, Occupation, NHK, reorganisation, Douglas MacArthur, Broadcasting Corporation, Japan

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