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The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought$
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Christopher Gill

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198152682

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.001.0001

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Psychophysical Holism in Stoicism and Epicureanism

Psychophysical Holism in Stoicism and Epicureanism

(p.3) 1 Psychophysical Holism in Stoicism and Epicureanism
The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought

Christopher Gill (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter identifies, as a key innovative feature of Hellenistic thought about personality, the idea of the person as a psychophysical unit or whole in Stoicism and Epicureanism. It contrasts this idea with the core-centred or part-based view of the personality sometimes found in Plato and Aristotle, while highlighting certain strands in Platonic or Aristotelian thought that may have helped to shape Stoic and Epicurean thought about personality. Psychophysical holism in Stoicism and Epicureanism is illustrated by reference to their views about the physical nature of the psyche and the development of human beings (and other animals) as embodied psychological wholes. Connections are also traced with some puzzles about identity in Stoic and Epicurean thought.

Keywords:   Aristotle, core-centred self, part-based self, development, Epicureanism, identity, Plato, psyche, psychophysical holism, Stoicism

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