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Arator on the Acts of the ApostlesA Baptismal Commentary$
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Richard Hillier

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198147862

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198147862.001.0001

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Iustis Via, Sontibus Unda The Crossing of the Red Sea

Iustis Via, Sontibus Unda The Crossing of the Red Sea

Chapter:
(p.151) 7 Iustis Via, Sontibus Unda The Crossing of the Red Sea
Source:
Arator on the Acts of the Apostles
Author(s):

Richard Hillier

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198147862.003.0007

In Historia Apostolica 2. 40–95, Arator's attitude to the text of the Acts of the Apostles is evident: namely, that it is a commentary rather than a paraphrase. After a shortened introduction, Arator concentrates on three episodes of traditional sacramental importance: the crossing of the Red Sea, the miracle of Horeb, and the raining down of manna, none of which is explicitly mentioned in Acts. For Arator, the speech is a piece of baptismal teaching comparable with 1 Corinthians 10: 2–4. However, the speech in Acts does not refer even obliquely to baptism. The baptismal connection is inserted entirely by Arator, not in paraphrase but in comment. This chapter examines the equivocal nature of the metaphorical interpretation of the waters of the Red Sea, the idea of the superiority of the Christian veritas over the Jewish figura and the inability of the Jews to recognize it, and the interpretation of the waters of the Red Sea as prefiguring the mingled blood and water which flowed from the side of the crucified Christ.

Keywords:   Arator, Historia Apostolica, Acts of the Apostles, baptism, Jews, Red Sea, Christ

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