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Landscapes and CitiesRural Settlement and Civic Transformation in Early Imperial Italy$
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John R. Patterson

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198140887

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198140887.001.0001

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The Rural Landscapes of Imperial Italy

The Rural Landscapes of Imperial Italy

(p.5) 1 The Rural Landscapes of Imperial Italy
Landscapes and Cities

John R. Patterson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The opening chapter outlines the wealth of evidence for rural settlement in Italy collected in the course of archaeological field survey over the past forty years, the diversity of settlement patterns this reveals, and the methodological issues that arise in interpreting these data, which are summarized in an appendix. It then explores whether increasing or declining numbers of rural sites should be understood as reflecting changes in levels of population, in patterns of migration, or in agricultural practices. The discussion focuses in particular on Campania, Etruria, Lucania, and Samnium: important factors in the changing patterns of settlement in these areas, and the chronology of those changes, include the economic demand generated by the city of Rome, the presence in a locality of members of the Roman elite, and (in the Apennines) the importance of pastoralism.

Keywords:   agriculture, archaeological field survey, Campania, Etruria, Lucania, migration, pastoralism, population, rural settlement, Samnium

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