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The Tremulous Hand of WorcesterA Study of Old English in the Thirteenth Century$
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Christine Franzen

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198117421

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198117421.001.0001

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His Early Work in Middle English

His Early Work in Middle English

Chapter:
(p.84) 3 His Early Work in Middle English
Source:
The Tremulous Hand of Worcester
Author(s):

Christine Franzen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198117421.003.0004

One important aspect of the tremulous scribe's work is the layer of Middle English glosses in MSS C, E, and G. This layer is not only in his hand but is his earliest layer of glossing. It is therefore of considerable importance to attempt to describe what was happening in this early stage of his work and why he may have switched to glossing in Latin. In order to do so, this chapter considers all of the tremulous hand's early work in Middle English, beginning with his copy of Worcester Cathedral MS F. 174. His marks and Middle English glosses in MSS C, E, and G provide the best evidence as to how he treated his exemplars in F. 174. This chapter suggests that the marks and Middle English glosses in MSS C, E, and G are the work of a corrector, preparing the manuscripts to be copied, and that a similar process of updating punctuation, spelling, word division, and vocabulary must underlie F. 174. The tremulous scribe appears to have encountered problems when he attempted to translate standard late West Saxon Old English into Middle English.

Keywords:   tremulous scribe, manuscripts, Middle English, Old English, glosses, glossing, marks, exemplars

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