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At the MarginsDiscourses of Development, Democracy, and Regionalism in Orissa$
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Jayanta Sengupta

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198099154

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099154.001.0001

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Boundaries, Funds, and ‘Nationalism’

Boundaries, Funds, and ‘Nationalism’

Towards a Separate Orissa Province, 1920–36

Chapter:
(p.133) Chapter Three Boundaries, Funds, and ‘Nationalism’
Source:
At the Margins
Author(s):

Jayanta Sengupta

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099154.003.0004

This chapter shows how the agenda and political style of Oriya nationalism gradually diverged away from the newly emerging dynamics of popular peasant politics that would subsequently feed into Congress’s mass movements in Orissa. It examines the changing official attitude towards the Oriya movement and the pragmatic considerations involved in making an autonomous Orissa province a financially viable proposition. The main focus of the chapter is on how during the 1920s and 30s boundaries and funds emerged as the stock tools of trade for an Oriya nationalist elite that used them to learn those very rules of the politics of ‘backwardness,’ ‘development,’ ‘scarcity’ and ‘subsidies’ that they would refine into a classic bargaining technique in the decades after 1947.

Keywords:   provincial autonomy, constitutional reform, viability, Depression, backwardness, development, subsidy, boundaries

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