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Population and Reproductive Health in IndiaAn Assessment of the Current Situation and Future Needs$
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Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, P M Kulkarni, K G Santhya, and Firoza Mehrotra

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198096238

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096238.001.0001

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Sexual and Reproductive Health

Sexual and Reproductive Health

Current Status and Future Needs

Chapter:
(p.95) 3 Sexual and Reproductive Health
Source:
Population and Reproductive Health in India
Author(s):

Shireen J. Jejeebhoy

K.G. Santhya

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096238.003.0003

This chapter reviews key programmes related to sexual and reproductive health, describes the current SRH situation, and highlights remaining challenges. Although strides have been made, goals remain unmet, and the achievement of reproductive rights remains limited.Inequities persist, with adverse outcomes more likely to be observed among those in northern and eastern states, rural populations, the poor, the socially excluded, the poorly educated and the young than other groups. Several challengesimpede progress:lack ofawareness of health promoting behaviours and facilities from which counselling, care and supplies may be obtained, limited health care seeking practices, constraints on female agency and wide gender power imbalances, inadequatemale involvement and the persistence of traditional notions of masculinity, limited spousal communication about sexual and reproductive health matters at individual level;and poor infrastructure,insufficienthuman resources, variable provider capacity, and limited reach and quality of services at programme level.

Keywords:   Maternal health, pregnancy related care, family planning, abortion, infertility, STI/RTI/HIV scenario, quality of services, reach of services, challenges, programmes and policies

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