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Population and Reproductive Health in IndiaAn Assessment of the Current Situation and Future Needs$
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Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, P M Kulkarni, K G Santhya, and Firoza Mehrotra

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198096238

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096238.001.0001

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The Population and Development Scenario in India

The Population and Development Scenario in India

Chapter:
(p.32) 2 The Population and Development Scenario in India
Source:
Population and Reproductive Health in India
Author(s):

P.M. Kulkarni

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096238.003.0002

India entered the demographic transition during the twentieth century and the process will continue well into the twenty-first century. There has been a perceptible fall in mortality, followed by fertility decline, though with a lag. Over this period, India’s population increased substantially crossing the one billion mark by 2001. This chapter presents trends in population size and structure as well as in fertility, mortality, age at marriage, contraceptive practice, migration, and urbanization followed by a brief review of some aspects of India’s socioeconomic development relevant for an understanding of demographic changes. Further, spatial and socioeconomic differentials in key demographic indicators are also discussed, as it is essential for a country as heterogeneous as India. Finally, the chapter raises certain issues emerging from recent as well as projected demographic changes.

Keywords:   Demographic transition, population and development, fertility, mortality, age-structure, sex composition, spatial variations

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