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India's Military ModernizationChallenges and Prospects$
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Rajesh Basrur, Ajaya Kumar Das, and Manjeet Singh Pardesi

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198092384

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092384.001.0001

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The Indian Defence Industry

The Indian Defence Industry

Struggling with Change

(p.117) 4 The Indian Defence Industry
India's Military Modernization

Richard A. Bitzinger

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines India’s defence industry by noting that, after China, India possesses the largest and most ambitious defence industrial base in the Asia-Pacific. Yet the performance of the defence industry over the past 50 years leaves a lot to be desired. It identifies the reasons for this, which are structural, financial, and, most of all, cultural. It discusses various initiatives taken by India to reform and revitalize its defence Industry which have produced few tangible results. The author argues that so long as India continues to shield its traditional military-industrial complex in the name of self-sufficiency and strategic imperative, it will never be able to establish the local defence industry into one capable of supplying the Indian armed forces with the equipment it requires. That, in turn, means that India’s ambitions of becoming a great power will always be circumscribed.

Keywords:   India, great power, defence industry, self-sufficiency, military-industrial complex, self-reliance, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Defence Public Sector Undertakings, offsets

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