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Democracy, Sustainable Development, and PeaceNew Perspectives on South Asia$
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Akmal Hussain and Muchkund Dubey

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198092346

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092346.001.0001

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State of Democracy in India

State of Democracy in India

(p.25) 2 State of Democracy in India
Democracy, Sustainable Development, and Peace

Subhash C. Kashyap

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that a vibrant democracy functions in India where since independence in 1947, the judiciary has remained independent, the press has continued to remain free and the military and security apparatus remains subordinate to elected civil authority. Democracy based on a pluralist society is the most appropriate polity for India with its wide social and cultural diversity. However, democracy is now under severe strain because of a growing cynicism in society towards democratically elected governments and an erosion of respect for politicians, legislators, and civil servants. It argues that democratic processes in India are “still largely dependent on caste and communal vote banks and criminals”, who contribute black money for the election campaigns of candidates. The chapter calls for a ‘citizens’ movement against “corruption, criminalization and concentration of power”.

Keywords:   erosion of respect, citizens’ movement, corruption, criminalization, cynicism, pluralist society, vibrant democracy, vote banks

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