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Ashraf into Middle ClassesMuslims in Nineteenth-century Delhi$
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Margrit Pernau

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198092285

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092285.001.0001

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Religious Identities between Secularization and Re-Islamization

Religious Identities between Secularization and Re-Islamization

(p.269) 10 Religious Identities between Secularization and Re-Islamization
Ashraf into Middle Classes

Margrit Pernau

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines whether and to what extent there was a long-term tendency towards secularization, towards religion becoming a specialized subsystem which was distinguished from the other subsystems with regard to its institutions and the specialists involved. It also looks at how this development related to the growing importance of religion, particularly within the reformist Islamic movement. The first section explores this by contrasting the two most important Muslim colleges in northern India. The second section then traces the development of Delhi’s religious centres and the development of Madrasa Rahimiya’s teachings. It also looks at the retreat of Mirza Jan-e Janan’s successors from the public sphere and their rapprochement with Sufism. The final section focuses on efforts to secure the position of Muslims by developing an elaborate network of associations where spokespeople from the middle classes were now the authoritative representatives of the community of Muslims.

Keywords:   secularization, re-Islamization, reformist Islam, Madrasa Rahimiya, Ahl-e hadith, Nazir Husain, Mirza Jan-e Janan, associations

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