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Being Muslim in South AsiaDiversity and Daily Life$
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Robin Jeffrey and Sen Ronojoy

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198092063

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092063.001.0001

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Islam and Democracy in India

Islam and Democracy in India

From Savile Row to Jyotiba Phule Park

Chapter:
(p.18) Chapter Two Islam and Democracy in India
Source:
Being Muslim in South Asia
Author(s):

Barbara D. Metcalf

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092063.003.0002

Whatever the inequities and corruption, India rightly stands out as the world’s largest democracy. India also claims the world’s largest minority, its 160 or 175 million Muslims constituting some 14 per cent of the whole and forming the third largest Muslim population in the entire world. Although pre-partition India gave birth to one of the most influential Islamist thinkers of the 20th century, India’s Muslim leadership throughout has championed democracy and democratic participation—from the ideal liberal theory espoused by Jinnah and the communitarian democracy of ulama and others articulated at mid-twentieth century, to the Nehruvian secularism and class-based Muslim Dalit/disadvantaged activism in the present. This chapter traces the various idioms of democratic participation on the part of three seminal twentiethth century leaders (Jinnah, the Islamic scholar Madani, and the Islamist Maududi) to the proliferation of party loyalties and causes of Muslims in the present.

Keywords:   Jinnah, secularism, assimilation, democracy, Muslim political thought

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