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Indian National Congress and the Struggle for Freedom1885-1947$
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Amales Tripathi and Amitava Tripathi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198090557

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090557.001.0001

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The Second Phase (1907–1930)

The Second Phase (1907–1930)

From the Morley–Minto Reforms to the Salt March

(p.50) 2 The Second Phase (1907–1930)
Indian National Congress and the Struggle for Freedom

Amales Tripathi

Oxford University Press

After the Surat debacle, the Moderates implemented a new administrative structure for the Indian National Congress (INC) that was essentially anti-Extremist. The structure included a clause that highlighted the major objective: self-government through lawful means within the Commonwealth. However, these initiatives did not receive any support from the British government. John Morley, the Secretary of State for India, initiated a debate on administrative reforms that was thwarted by the Earl of Minto, the Governor-General of India, and his colleagues. This chapter discusses the Morley–Minto Reforms, an Act of the British Parliament that brought about a limited increase in the involvement of Indians in the governance of British India. It also examines the reconciliation between Extremists and Moderates, the political alliance between the INC and the Muslim League, Mahatma Gandhi’s views on British imperialism and his support for the Khilafat Movement, and the circumstances that led to the Salt March.

Keywords:   administrative reforms, Moderates, Indian National Congress, Morley–Minto Reforms, British India, Extremists, Muslim League, Mahatma Gandhi, Khilafat Movement, Salt March

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