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Indian National Congress and the Struggle for Freedom1885-1947$
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Amales Tripathi and Amitava Tripathi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198090557

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090557.001.0001

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The First Phase (1885–1907)

The First Phase (1885–1907)

From the Founding of the Congress to the Extremist–Moderate Split

(p.1) 1 The First Phase (1885–1907)
Indian National Congress and the Struggle for Freedom

Amales Tripathi

Oxford University Press

According to Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay, a Bengali novelist, India showed a sense of nationhood only twice before it was colonized by Britain: first under the Marathas and then under the Sikhs. Bankimchandra also argued that the liberalism and nationalism introduced by the British were alien to the Hindus. This chapter examines the founding of the Indian National Congress (INC) in 1885 by Allan Octavian Hume and others and the dissension within the organisztion that eventually led to the split between the Extremists and the Moderates. It also considers the views of the historians of the Cambridge School regarding India’s unity or lack of it and its emphasis on certain laudable aspects of colonial rule such as local self-government and Western education.

Keywords:   nationhood, India, Britain, liberalism, nationalism, Indian National Congress, Allan Octavian Hume, Extremists, Moderates, Cambridge School

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