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Hamid Algar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198090441

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090441.001.0001

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Naqshbandi–Akbari: Jami and Sufi Tradition

Naqshbandi–Akbari: Jami and Sufi Tradition

Chapter:
(p.87) 5 Naqshbandi–Akbari: Jami and Sufi Tradition
Source:
Jami
Author(s):

Hamid Algar

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090441.003.0005

This chapter explores the Sufism reflected in Jami’s poetry. It considers his writings about the distinctive practices of the Naqshbandiyya, and his profound and lasting loyalty to the writings and doctrines of Muhyi l-Din ibn ʿArabi, a culminating figure in the elaboration of theoretical Sufism and known for that reason as al-Shaykh al-Akbar (‘the Supreme Shaykh’). These two emphases of Jami’s Sufism—the Naqshbandi and the Akbari—were entirely compatible. While Jami had been preceded by others in propagating the doctrines of Ibn ʿArabi in the Persian-speaking world, the acceptance of them was far from universal. Such was the case in Herat, so Jami took it on himself, in debate and in writing, to defend al-Shaykh al-Akbar’s teachings against all comers, drawing in equal measure upon his erudition and his polemical gifts.

Keywords:   ʿAbd al-Rahman Jami, Persian, Sufism, Naqshbandiyya, Muhyi l-Din ibn ʿArabi, al-Shaykh al-Akbar, Akbari

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