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Battling CorruptionHas NREGA Reached India's Rural Poor?$
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Shylashri Shankar and Raghav Gaiha

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198085003

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198085003.001.0001

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Making Social Audits Accountable

Making Social Audits Accountable

(p.85) 5 Making Social Audits Accountable
Battling Corruption

Shylashri Shankar

Raghav Gaiha

Oxford University Press

A social audit is conducted jointly by the government and the beneficiaries of the scheme being audited. Social audits have functioned well in AP as an accountability mechanism but have failed to do so in MP and Rajasthan where the social mobilizational aspect was ignored. In AP, a mutually empowering synergy between pro-accountability reformers in state and society was created through the political route. The contrast between the two states in their implementation of social audits in NREGA shows that sustainability of these measures requires us to take politics more seriously. A successful social audit occurs when political opportunity structures are created by political elites who engage and collaborate with the bureaucracy and societal actors to generate social energy around development programs in the villages.

Keywords:   social audit, accountability, sustainability, political opportunity structure, elites, NGOs, social mobilization, bureaucracy

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