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Controlling the WaterMatching Technology and Institutions in Irrigation Management in India and Nepal$
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Dik Roth and Linden Vincent

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198082927

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082927.001.0001

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Irrigation Technology, Agro-ecology, and Water Rights in the Mid-hills of Nepal

Irrigation Technology, Agro-ecology, and Water Rights in the Mid-hills of Nepal

Chapter:
(p.142) 5 Irrigation Technology, Agro-ecology, and Water Rights in the Mid-hills of Nepal
Source:
Controlling the Water
Author(s):

Dik Roth

Linden Vincent

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082927.003.0006

Design of irrigation infrastructure in Farmer-managed Irrigation Systems (FMISs) is not only shaped by engineering and agronomic principles, but also strongly influenced by features of the local environment. Based on detailed case studies of four FMISs in Nepal, this chapter presents different typologies of water distribution systems and their associated water division structures that are found in FMISs. It describes various agro-ecological features and local institutions of the area in which irrigation systems operate. It analyses the elements of these agro-ecological features and local institutions in FMISs, and examines their relationships with irrigation infrastructure, especially the water division structure. It argues that understanding these relationships is vital for further developing FMISs in close partnership with local communities. It further suggests that recognition of these relationships can guide policies for better use of water resources and to improve livelihoods of local communities.

Keywords:   water division structures, proportioning weir, irrigation technology, agro-ecology, water rights, farmer-managed irrigation systems, irrigation institutions, mid-hills Nepal

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