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AdvaitaA Contemporary Critique$
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Srinivasa Rao

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198079811

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.001.0001

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Logical Possibilities

Logical Possibilities

Chapter:
(p.51) Chapter 3 Logical Possibilities
Source:
Advaita
Author(s):

Srinivasa Rao

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0003

The very idea of non-duality stands seriously violated in the post-Śānkarite orthodoxy and to correct this severe aberration, an entirely new framework is introduced in this chapter. Based on classical Advaita doctrine that there is an experience dependent on senses and the mind (“experience”) which reveals empirical reality (“reality”), and an experience not so dependent (“Experience”) which reveals the Ultimate Reality (“Reality”), four cognitive possibilities are formulated and then all their logical implications are systematically deduced. One major logical consequence deduced is that the “illusoriness of the world”, a basic idea of traditional Advaita, is not at all allowed as a cognitive possibility duly entailed even by the assumptions made in traditional Advaita. This newly formulated framework of possibilities is adopted in the next chapter specifically to analyze afresh the theory of perceptual illusion in Advaita, with startling results.

Keywords:   cognitive possibilities, non-duality, experience, reality, Ultimate Reality, perceptual illusion

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