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Debating PatriarchyThe Hindu Code Bill Controversy in India (1941–1956)$
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Chitra Sinha

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198078944

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078944.001.0001

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The Hindu Code Bill

The Hindu Code Bill

A Historical Background

Chapter:
(p.32) 2 The Hindu Code Bill
Source:
Debating Patriarchy
Author(s):

Chitra Sinha

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078944.003.0012

The chapter attempts to provide a historical perspective to the evolution of Hindu law. It annotates the dynamic interaction among a wide variety of social forces that created the historical context to the Hindu Code Bill controversy. It shows that the Hindu Code Bill was shaped by a constellation of forces such as growth of the women’s movement, necessities of the nationalist struggle, and the need for legal reforms in the first half of the twentieth century. The chapter records the efforts of the women’s movement in India, the attainment of women’s franchise, and the influence exerted by the intensification of the Indian national movement that forced women to come out of their domestic confines and joined their male compatriots. Thus internal inconsistencies within the legal system coupled with external realities necessitated modification of the laws relating to women since the 1920s.

Keywords:   Gandhi, Women’s Movement, Swadeshi movement, Sarda Act, Women’s franchise

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