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Anxieties of DemocracyTocquevillean Reflections on India and the United States$
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Partha Chatterjee and Ira Katznelson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198077473

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077473.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 September 2019

Two Banks of the Same River?

Two Banks of the Same River?

Social Order and Entrepreneurialism in India

(p.225) 7 Two Banks of the Same River?
Anxieties of Democracy

Ashutosh Varshney

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores social order and entrepreneurialism in India, focusing on some economic contrasts between the North and South. It examines the depth of Southern transformation and identifies the mechanisms of transformation by concentrating on a particular Southern caste, the Nadars. It also considers the commercial implications of an emerging political revolution in a Northern state, bringing a Dalit party to power. Furthermore, it comments on Alexis de Tocqueville’s argument that the settlements on either side of the Ohio river, Kentucky and Ohio, were identical in all respects except for slavery, and that slavery influenced their landscapes of economic dynamism and listlessness. Finally, the chapter analyses lower castes in the North; the divergence between Northern and Southern India in terms of state-level economic growth rates and growth rates in per capita income; growth rates in both rural and urban enterprises; and growth rates of enterprises owned by other backward castes.

Keywords:   social order, entrepreneurialism, India, South, North, Nadars, other backward castes, Kentucky, Ohio, economic growth rates

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