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This Fissured LandAn Ecological History of India$
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Madhav Gadgil and Ramachandra Guha

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198077442

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077442.001.0001

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Biomass for Business

Biomass for Business

(p.159) Chapter 6 Biomass for Business
This Fissured Land

Madhav Gadgil

Ramachandra Guha

Oxford University Press

The national movement had thrown up two alternative scenarios for the reconstruction of Indian economy and society. One vision was associated with Mahatma Gandhi. Whatever the anomalies in his thought and practice, it is clear that in the path of economic development eventually charted by the Indian nation, the Mahatma’s ideals were made redundant with a quite alarming rapidity. As a nationalist leader who had spent many years in British prisons, Jawaharlal Nehru’s attitude toward the West was an ambivalent one. The four stages in the industrial orientation of Indian forestry are elaborated. The continuity between colonial and post-colonial forestry regimes is most clearly manifest in the system of ownership. There is a whole complex of processes that result to resource exhaustion in the case of Indian forestry. The forestry practices introduced by the British and continued thereafter are neither scientific nor conservation-oriented.

Keywords:   Indian economy, Indian society, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Industrial orientation, Indian forestry practices, ownership

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