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The Naxalites and their Ideology$
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Rabindra Ray

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198077381

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077381.001.0001

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The Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)

The Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)

(p.109) Chapter Five The Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)
The Naxalites and their Ideology

Rabindra Ray

Oxford University Press

Both in Delhi and in Bengal, the political crises of the late 1960s encompassed issues of socialism. Whereas in Delhi these issues concerned the expropriation of erstwhile princes and banks, in Bengal they concerned the viability and legitimacy of communist participation in coalition governments. In the case of the relationship between the CPI(M) and its partners in power, this issue came to revolve around the question of violence, posed on a wider scale by the adoption of gherao tactics by trade unions, and elevated to a point of principle by the CPI(M–L). In the case of the confrontation between the CPI(M) and the CPI(M–L), though posed as the question of participation in elections, this issue of violence was again central. The economic form of the appearance and resolution of the crisis has a different shape than that which appears in the rhetoric of the contenders when the crisis is posed.

Keywords:   Delhi, Bengal, socialism, coalition governments, communist participation, CPI, CPI (M–L), gherao tactics, violence

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