Though Naxalbari is situated in Bengal, Naxalism was not restricted here. Membership in the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) [CPI(M–L)] extended all over India, and the greatest successes of the party were, in the eyes of its members, in Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh. Bengalis, however, played a major role in the leadership of the party. The party turned to urban terrorism only in Bengal, particularly in Calcutta. There are peculiarities that permit one to consider it more than merely an Indian sub-culture, and allow one, if only tentatively, to call it a society. Chief among these is the evolution of a Bengali cultural identity based on the ideas, values and outlook of the so-called Bengali Renaissance. Not as easily demonstrable, but arguably the case, is a distinctiveness in the nature of Bengali social relationships, which this culture, so to say, expresses.
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