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The Inner WorldA Psychoanalytical Study of Childhood and Society in India$
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Sudhir Kakar

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198077152

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077152.001.0001

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The Hindu World Image

The Hindu World Image

Chapter:
(p.18) Chapter II The Hindu World Image
Source:
The Inner World
Author(s):

Sudhir Kakar

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077152.003.0012

The exploration of the psychological terrain of the Indian inner world begins by looking at the cluster of ideas, historically derived, selected, and refined, through which Hindu culture has traditionally structured the beliefs and behaviour of its members. This chapter deals with Hindu philosophy in prescriptive configuration of ideal purposes, values and beliefs which percolate down into the everyday life of the ordinary people and give it form and meaning. It tackles the theme of fusion—moksha; life task and life cycle—dharma; and ideas of time and destiny. As posited by Hindu culture, the ultimate aim of existence, the chief purushartha (man’s meaning), is moksha or mukti. In the Hindu philosophical tradition, dharma is the central concept of Mimamsa, the intensely activist philosophy of the first two parts of the Vedas. The third essential idea in the Hindu world image is karma.

Keywords:   Hindu culture, moksha, dharma, destiny, mukti, Hindu philosophy, karma

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