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Politics of InclusionCastes, Minorities, and Affirmative Action$
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Zoya Hassan

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198076964

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076964.001.0001

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Caste, Social Backwardness, and OBC Reservations (Mandal I and II)

Caste, Social Backwardness, and OBC Reservations (Mandal I and II)

Chapter:
(p.78) 4 Caste, Social Backwardness, and OBC Reservations (Mandal I and II)
Source:
Politics of Inclusion
Author(s):

Zoya Hasan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076964.003.0004

This chapter examines the extension of reservations to the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and the rationale of reservation in relation to the debate over the desirability and feasibility of reservations to them. The first part outlines the political context of the emergence of the backward-caste reservation issue in the 1970s and 1980s, culminating in the implementation of the Mandal Commission recommendations on OBC reservations from 1994 onwards. The second part discusses the government’s decision in 2006 to extend reservations to the OBCs in the field of higher education in the context of economic reforms and the growing importance of technical and professional education in the new economy. It explores the notions of disadvantage and backwardness and unravels the processes whereby caste and class issues have got entangled. It also examines the political, policy, and legal links between caste and class in the designation of backwardness and disadvantage.

Keywords:   Other Backward Classes, reservations, Mandal Commission, backward-caste reservation, higher education

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