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The Telecom Revolution in IndiaTechnology, Regulation, and Policy$
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Varadharajan Sridhar

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198075530

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075530.001.0001

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Basic Telecom Services in India

Basic Telecom Services in India

From Monopoly to Oligopoly

(p.20) 2 Basic Telecom Services in India
The Telecom Revolution in India

Varadharajan Sridhar

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the specific characteristics of basic telecom services with their unique cost structure, tariff regulation, and their universal service obligations. India embarked on the process of liberalization of the telecommunications sector in the early 1990s. The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997 was amended by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Amendment) Act, 2000. The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)'s role should be strengthened from a purely recommending body to licensing and policymaking. High interconnect prices could force the entrant to suffer financial losses. The most important factor to govern the growth of telecom and especially universal service is affordability. Though the landline was considered as a technology for providing universal service, it failed to meet the needs of developing countries such as India. Indications are that wireless technologies will pave the way for broadband penetration and ubiquitous connectivity.

Keywords:   basic telecom services, India, tariff regulation, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, interconnect prices, universal service

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