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Agrarian Crisis in India$
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D. Narasimha Reddy and Srijit Mishra

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780198069096

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069096.001.0001

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Farmers' Suicides and Unfolding Agrarian Crisis in Andhra Pradesh

Farmers' Suicides and Unfolding Agrarian Crisis in Andhra Pradesh

Chapter:
(p.164) 7 Farmers' Suicides and Unfolding Agrarian Crisis in Andhra Pradesh
Source:
Agrarian Crisis in India
Author(s):

S. Galab

E. Revathi

P. Prudhvikar Reddy

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069096.003.0007

This chapter presents an account of farmers' suicides in the state of Andhra Pradesh starting in 1996. Based on a survey of several studies, it shows that farmers' distress in the state can be attributed to the increasing fragility of resources, particularly the groundwater resources, as well as unsustainable and inappropriate cropping practices, notably in resource-poor areas. A number of factors were responsible for the agrarian crisis in Andhra Pradesh, including growing input costs, falling farm incomes, increasing dependence on unstable groundwater resources, and volatility of output prices. Another cause was heavy household investment in groundwater, with farmers borrowing from informal sources at high interest rates, causing them to pile up debts. This chapter also discusses the economic reforms in Andhra Pradesh in relation to agriculture, along with institutional retrogression and rural distress.

Keywords:   Andhra Pradesh, farmers' suicides, farmers, agriculture, irrigation, cropping, agrarian crisis, debts, economic reforms, rural distress

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