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Agrarian Crisis in India$
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D. Narasimha Reddy and Srijit Mishra

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780198069096

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069096.001.0001

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Agriculture in the Reforms Regime *

Agriculture in the Reforms Regime *

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 Agriculture in the Reforms Regime*
Source:
Agrarian Crisis in India
Author(s):

D. Narasimha Reddy

Srijit Mishra

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069096.003.0001

This chapter examines the nature and factors contributing to the agrarian crisis and rural distress in India. It shows that the Indian economy remains predominantly rural, with urbanization taking place slowly, but that rural-urban disparities in income and living standards continue to widen. As the most important source of livelihood in the countryside, agriculture accounts for a disproportionately high share in the total workforce while its share in the gross national product continues to dwindle. The chapter also investigates the structural changes in employment across various sectors and within rural areas, the political economy of the technological transformation in agriculture, the nature of economic reforms and their impact on agriculture and farmers, and suicides brought about by the agrarian crisis. Finally, the chapter addresses the sustainability of farming in the context of reforms and considers ways in which to solve the agrarian crisis.

Keywords:   India, agriculture, agrarian crisis, farmers' suicides, employment, sustainability, economic reforms, political economy, farmers, reforms

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