This book is about how Indian scientists and historians of science engaged with the sciences of India. From the Orientalist period through the nationalist period, to the period of Nehruvian socialism in India, the forces of decolonization sought to challenge a hegemonic conception of the history of science, such that the history of sciences of the non-West would not be subordinate texts to the mainstream discourse of the history of Western science. The book discusses how historiography is situated within the social theory of science and explores the terrain of post-colonial theory of science, scientism and Romanticism, the work of chemist-historians Prafulla Chandra Ray and Marcelin Berthelot, and the exchange between the Sri Lankan-born historian of art Ananda Kentish Coomaraswamy and the Belgian born historian of science George Sarton during the decade 1930–1940.
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