Civil servants in India are frequently transferred from one position to another, presenting a major problem in terms of governance. To make matters worse, short tenures have made it difficult to hold civil servants accountable for their performance. Short tenures are a regular feature of both the lower echelons and the higher civil services such as the Indian Administrative Service. The transfer of civil servants is used by politicians as a main instrument to control the bureaucracy and, thus, as a means for surplus-extraction from the clients of the bureaucracy. The Draft Civil Services Bill 2009 has proposed the creation of a Central Civil Services Authority to be responsible for fixing tenure for all civil service posts under the central government.
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