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India an Archaeological HistoryPalaeolithic Beginnings to Early Historic Foundations$
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Dilip Chakrabarti

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780198064121

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198064121.001.0001

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The Mesolithic Horizon and Associated Rock Art

The Mesolithic Horizon and Associated Rock Art

Chapter:
(p.91) III The Mesolithic Horizon and Associated Rock Art
Source:
India an Archaeological History
Author(s):

Dilip K. Chakrabarti

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198064121.003.0003

This chapter demonstrates that our knowledge of the early Mesolithic in India amounts to very little: only eight excavated sites with proper occupational evidence and early dates in limited areas of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, and an assortment of rock paintings which still seem to be confined only to the central Indian highlands from Uttar Pradesh to Gujarat. At least two sixth millennium bc sites among them — Bagor and Adamgarh — also show domestication of cattle and sheep/goat and people might already have shed some of their hunting-foraging ‘Mesolithic’ activities. The climate at the end of the Pleistocene and the beginning of Holocene was not uniform all over the subcontinent. A distinct feature discussed in this chapter is the occurrence of human and animal figures and various scenes on rock surface, popularly known as rock art.

Keywords:   Mesolithic, excavated sites, Bagor, Adamgarh, domesticated livestock, hunting-foraging, climate, rock art

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