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The Hindi Public Sphere 1920–1940Language and Literature in the Age of Nationalism$
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Francesca Orsini

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780198062202

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198062202.001.0001

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The Hindi Political Sphere

The Hindi Political Sphere

(p.309) Chapter 5 The Hindi Political Sphere
The Hindi Public Sphere 1920–1940

Francesca Orsini

Oxford University Press

In 1920, India witnessed the emergence of a new phase in the nationalist movement in which mass politics, counter symbols, popular participants, indigenous languages, and counter authority played an unprecedented role. This chapter examines the relationship between the Hindi literary sphere and the political sphere. Furthermore, it considers several angles, including ‘institutional’ spaces and activities, both in the context of constitutional domains and non-constitutional domains. Besides, it discusses who had access to political institutions and analyses the profiles of several Hindi political leaders in terms of political career, connections, cultural makeup, and social background. Moreover, the chapter looks at what happened when peasants turned from objects of nationalist discourse into subjects of political activity, a question that is relevant to the issue of openness and exclusion in the Hindi public sphere.

Keywords:   Hindi, literary sphere, political sphere, constitutional domains, non-constitutional domains, political leaders, peasants, exclusion, public sphere, India

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