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The International Law of the SeaIndia and the UN Convention of 1982$
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Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780198060000

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198060000.001.0001

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Naval Missions and Ocean Governance

Naval Missions and Ocean Governance

(p.206) 7 Naval Missions and Ocean Governance
The International Law of the Sea

O.P. Sharma

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents issues relating to naval missions and ocean governance and their implications for the future of sea power. The chapter first discusses US naval missions and their goals (strategic deterrence; sea control; projection of power; naval presence as well as surveillance and intelligence gathering) followed by Soviet Naval missions and their goals (defense against US power; second nuclear deterrence, and economic interests), leading to a brief discussion of naval diplomacy between the two major powers. The author then explores ocean governance in India, including its concerns regarding the security of EEZs; protection of sea trade; the prevention of smuggling, insurgency, terrorism etc.; and the prevention of the degradation of the marine environment. The author describes how the institutional framework suggested by the UNCLOS envisages the creation of an integrated ocean management at the national, regional, and global levels. The laws governing merchant shipping are then discussed. The seizing of the SS Achille Lauro (1985) by four Palestinians led to the Rome Convention/SUA Convention (1988) which enacted laws to take action against those who commit unlawful acts against ships. The events of September 11, 2001 led to the creation of the International and Port Security Code, the Container Security Initiative, and the Proliferation Security initiative. The author concludes by suggesting that multilateral cooperation will be needed to deal with increasing threats of terrorism globally. A good example is the co-ordinated patrol named MALSINDO (Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia Patrol) initiated in 2004 to counter maritime crime in the Malacca Straits for securing the waterway.

Keywords:   ocean governance, naval missions, Indian ocean governance, terrorism, integrated ocean management, US Navy, Soviet navy, naval diplomacy, MALSINDO, UNCLOS, MALSINDO, Container Security Initiative, Proliferation Security Initiative

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