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India’s Ancient Past$
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R. S. Sharma

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195687859

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.001.0001

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Chalcolithic Cultures

Chalcolithic Cultures

(p.63) 9 Chalcolithic Cultures
India’s Ancient Past

R.S. Sharma

Oxford University Press

The end of the Neolithic period saw the use of metals. Several cultures were based on the use of copper and stone implements. Such a culture is called Chalcolithic, which means the copper-stone phase. The Chalcolithic cultures followed the Bronze Age Harappa culture. Thus, this chapter principally considers such cultures as came in the later part of the mature Harappa culture or after its end. Regional differences in social structure, cereals and pottery become visible in the copper-stone phase. There are several series of Chalcolithic settlements in India. The importance of the Chalcolithic phase is shown. The Chalcolithic people were not able to make full use of the animals and did not practise cultivation on any intensive or extensive scale. The Ochre-Coloured Pottery people may have been the junior contemporaries of the Harappans, and their area was not far removed from that of the Harappans.

Keywords:   Chalcolithic cultures, Chalcolithic settlements, use of metals, Bronze Age Harappa culture, Ochre-Coloured Pottery, copper, cereals

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