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India’s Ancient Past$
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R. S. Sharma

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195687859

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.001.0001

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The Neolithic Age: First Food Producers and Animal Keepers

The Neolithic Age: First Food Producers and Animal Keepers

(p.58) 8 The Neolithic Age: First Food Producers and Animal Keepers
India’s Ancient Past

R.S. Sharma

Oxford University Press

The only known Neolithic settlement in the Indian subcontinent is in Mehrgarh, which is situated in Baluchistan. The settlement set on the edge of the Indus plains. Three significant areas of Neolithic settlements were noted based on the types of axes used by Neolithic settlers. In the north-west, Kashmiri Neolithic culture was distinguished by its dwelling pits, wide range of ceramics, the variety of stone and bone tools, and the complete absence of microliths. Its most important site is Burzahom. The only other place which has yielded considerable bone implements in India is Chirand. The Neolithic settlers were the earliest farming communities. During the Neolithic phase, several settlements became acquainted with the cultivation of cereals and the domestication of animals. The people of the Stone Age had to depend almost entirely on tools and weapons made of stone, they could not found settlements far away from the hilly areas.

Keywords:   Neolithic settlements, Mehrgarh, Burzahom, Chirand, bone implements, Stone Age, early farming communities, cereal cultivation, animal domestication

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