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Science and the RajA Study of British India$
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Deepak Kumar

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195687149

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687149.001.0001

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Administering Science: Organizational Imperatives

Administering Science: Organizational Imperatives

(p.73) Chapter 3 Administering Science: Organizational Imperatives
Science and the Raj

Deepak Kumar

Oxford University Press

Britain formally took over the Indian administration in 1858, when exploratory activities in the country were already past their formative stage. The East India Company had taken the initiative and made some headway in some fields such as medical education and survey operations. In particular, it had realized the importance of survey works for military and revenue considerations. In 1818, the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India was established to supervise all types of survey operations. Between 1861 and 1878, revenue surveys were extensively carried out under a more professional name: the Cadastral Survey. In addition to survey organizations, there were a few other institutions, such as museums, that played a vital role in the imperial economy and the cause of science itself. These scientific organizations and institutions necessitated the recruitment of cadres.

Keywords:   Britain, museums, surveys, science, cadres, East India Company, India, Cadastral Survey, scientific organizations

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