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CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTSAn Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability$
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A. G. Noorani

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195678291

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.001.0001

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Article 370: Law and Politics 1

Article 370: Law and Politics 1

(p.371) 49 Article 370: Law and Politics1

A.G. Noorani

Oxford University Press

Article 370 of the Indian Constitution was intended to guarantee Kashmir's autonomy. The Constitution was amended four times to extend the president's rule imposed in Punjab on 11 May 1987. This was also the result achieved for the state of Jammu and Kashmir from 1990 to 1996, by issuing executive orders under Article 370. On 26 June 1990, the state Assembly adopted a resolution accepting the report of the State Autonomy Committee (the Report) and calling on the leaders of the Union as well as Jammu and Kashmir to implement the same. On 26 October 1947, the ruler of Jammu and Kashmir acceded to India by an Instrument of Accession with respect to only three areas: defence, communications, and foreign affairs. These three areas are among the six special provisions embodied in Article 370 for Jammu and Kashmir.

Keywords:   Jammu and Kashmir, India, Constitution, Article 370, defence, communications, foreign affairs, autonomy, Union

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