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CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTSAn Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability$
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A. G. Noorani

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195678291

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.001.0001

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Split Politics in South Asia 1

Split Politics in South Asia 1

(p.274) 37 Split Politics in South Asia1

A.G. Noorani

Oxford University Press

Indira Gandhi has been accused of distorting and destroying democracy in India. Civil servants attribute the pronounced decline in the morale of the civil service to Gandhi's decision to split the Congress in 1969 and her bid for total power. Her stance undermined values and every single institution in the country, including the civil service, federalism, political morality, Parliament, and the Supreme Court. Gandhi's successor tried her brand of politics but Rajiv Gandhi was unsuccessful. Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan and Sheikh Hasina Wajed of Bangladesh both turned out to be proponents of the politics of confrontation. In the final analysis, democracy can be sustained only by the spirit of moderation. This moderation continues to vanish in India and is not much evident in the entire South Asia.

Keywords:   democracy, Indira Gandhi, politics, moderation, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, civil service, South Asia, federalism

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