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Child Rights in IndiaLaw, Policy, and Practice$
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Asha Bajpai

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195670820

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670820.001.0001

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Juvenile Justice: Administration and Implementation

Juvenile Justice: Administration and Implementation

Chapter:
(p.277) 6 Juvenile Justice: Administration and Implementation
Source:
Child Rights in India
Author(s):

Asha Bajpai

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670820.003.0006

This chapter presents a discussion on juvenile justice. The Juvenile Justice Act 1986 replaced the Children's Acts. The Juvenile Welfare Board deals with neglected juveniles whereas delinquent juveniles are brought before the juvenile court. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000 expands the definition of the ‘neglected juvenile’ by adding new categories of children. It has brought in some significant changes in an attempt to make the system more child-friendly. However, several critiques of this Act are presented. Juvenile justice has been enhanced by reducing the number of ‘at risk’-youth who enter the system. It is noted that juvenile courts should be vital community resources. The needs of the children and the families who appear in juvenile courts have to be considered. A juvenile court of the twenty-first century must have interdisciplinary connections with law, medicine, psychiatry, psychology, and child welfare administration and management.

Keywords:   juvenile justice, Juvenile Justice Act 1986, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000, juvenile courts, Juvenile Welfare Board, delinquent juveniles

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