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Unbecoming CitizensCulture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan$
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Michael Hutt

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195670608

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.001.0001

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Becoming the Same

Becoming the Same

Chapter:
(p.160) Becoming the Same
Source:
Unbecoming Citizens
Author(s):

Michael Hutt

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.003.0011

This chapter explains the new policies on culture and language which were introduced by the Bhutanese government at about the same time as the census. The author describes how modernization can involve changes not only in the distribution of power within a political system but also in the amount of power in that system. He then goes on to describe how Driglam Namzha (the observation of a strict code of etiquette, belief, and architectural styless) was promoted (from the 1990s) alongside various other measures (such as the removal of Nepali teaching in the school curriculum) designed to mould the culture of Bhutan. The vital elements of Bhutanese national costume are then elaborated. The Driglam Namzha caused more widespread unhappiness among Lhotshampas than it did among Drukpas. The implicit role played by language as a marker of cultural identity became more explicit.

Keywords:   Bhutanese culture, Bhutanese government, Driglam Namzha, Bhutanese national costume, Lhotshampas, Drukpas, Modernization, Dzongkha

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