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Serving the NationCultures of Service, Association and Citizenship$
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Carey Anthony Watt

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195668025

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195668025.001.0001

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Incentives for Organized Social Service

Incentives for Organized Social Service

The Social Context

(p.28) 2 Incentives for Organized Social Service
Serving the Nation

Carey Anthony Watt

Oxford University Press

This chapter tries to answer the question why new social service organizations came to be formed in the 1910s and 20s. It investigates the social context in which the evolution of ideas and practices of service and philanthropy occurred. It covers influential world events from the 1890s to the 1910s: the globalization of philanthropy and social service; the transnational emergence of associational cultures and organizational societies; a worldwide interest in citizenship; and widespread anxieties about race and ‘national efficiency’. Besides becoming more aware of dynamic changes sweeping the world in the area of philanthropic activity, the increase in philanthropic associations coincided with the growing Indian understanding of the emptiness of British rhetoric about equality within the empire. New wealth among the Hindus and fears of a population decline among them (because of famine, plague and conversion) were other catalysts in the expansion of an associational culture. The latter was also supported by other ideologies prevalent in colonial north India in the 1910s.

Keywords:   Indian philanthropy, Indian social service, responsible citizenship, colonial north India, philanthropy: social context

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