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The Bhagats of the Guru Granth SahibSikh Self-Definition and the Bhagat Bani$
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Pashaura Singh

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195662696

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195662696.001.0001

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Bani Shaikh Farid Ji Ki

Bani Shaikh Farid Ji Ki

(p.42) Two Bani Shaikh Farid Ji Ki
The Bhagats of the Guru Granth Sahib

Pashaura Singh

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the works of the Sufi poet, Shaikh Farid (1173-1265), a celebrated Punjabi poet representing the Chisti line of thought in the Punjab. It examines the Sikh Gurus' treatment of the verses of Shaikh Farid, in the Adi Granth, to fully understand the extent of interaction and mutual influence between the Sufi tradition and early Sikh tradition. In particular, it addresses the various issues raised by the comments made by the Sikh Gurus—Guru Nanak, Guru Amar Das, and Guru Arjan—on certain verses of the Sufi poet. It argues that these comments reflect the atmosphere of the religious dialogues and debates between the Sikh community and the followers of Shaikh Farid in the Punjab. The issues raised in these early Sikh-Sufi encounters were crucial for shaping the emerging Sikh identity. They play an important role in defining what it means to be a Sikh in relation to the commonly held Sufi ideals.

Keywords:   Sufi poet, Shaikh Farid, Adi Granth, Sikh Gurus, Sikh-Sufi encounters, Sikh community, Sikh identity

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