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GandhiPan-Islamism, Imperialism and Nationalism in India$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195658279

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.001.0001

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Pan-Islamism in India

Pan-Islamism in India

Chapter:
(p.104) Chapter 7 Pan-Islamism in India
Source:
Gandhi
Author(s):

B. R. Nanda

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.003.0007

This chapter discusses Pan-Islamism in India, and notes that it was only during the last few years of the nineteenth century when Turkey began to play an important role in the imagination of the Indian Muslims. It studies the historical link between Indian Islam and the institution of the Caliphate. It examines the classical theory of the Caliphate which assumed that the Caliph was part of the Prophet’s tribe, the Quraish (Koreish). It introduces Abul Kalam Azad, son of a sheikh and the initial leader of the Khilafat agitation. This chapter reveals that Azad was replaced by Mohamed Ali and Shaukat Ali, who seized the leadership of the Khilafat agitation from him. It describes ‘the Ali Brothers’ as more unpredictable, dynamic, and articulate than Azad.

Keywords:   Pan-Islamism, Turkey, Caliphate, Quraish (Koreish), Abul Kalam Azad, Khilafat agitation, Mohamed Ali, Shaukat Ali

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