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GandhiPan-Islamism, Imperialism and Nationalism in India$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195658279

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.001.0001

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The Burden of the Past

The Burden of the Past

Chapter:
(p.7) Chapter 2 The Burden of the Past
Source:
Gandhi
Author(s):

B. R. Nanda

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.003.0002

This chapter discusses the history of Hindus and Muslims in India. The first section studies the Muslim invasion of India, which challenged Hinduism. It describes the State in medieval India as non-religious and non-secular, but controlled by the foreign élite who possessed superior military power. It then examines the structure of politics and the administration, which changed in response to the Indian situation. The following section focuses on the Hindu caste system and the effect the aristocratic culture had on the Hindus and the Muslims. Unlike the Hindus, the Muslims theoretically considered themselves as brothers and were split by their consciousness of class, race, economic status, and caste. The chapter also discusses the myths that became widespread during this time.

Keywords:   Muslim invasion, Hinduism, medieval India, foreign élite, structure of politics, Indian situations, aristocratic culture, Hindu caste system

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